Human study shows that there are four main human temperament, based on their character and attitude.

Human character and attitude is used to determine which temperament one belongs.
All of the temperament have its own role to play in the society – none is less important or least.
We all need each other to survive at most times.

This not some sort of ranking or importance. Though most human tend to exhibit some characters belonging to other temperament, they still possess most of the characteristics of their dominant temperament. E.g. a Choleric being kind and polite at odd times.



Melancholic people are emotionally sensitive, perfectionist introverts.


  • The defining feature of a melancholic attitude is perfectionism. They are idealists who wish for things to be a certain way, and they get distressed when they are not.
  • They hold themselves and others to unrealistically high standards, and get distressed when these standards are not met. 
  • This leads to them being self-deprecating - because they do not meet their own standards - and critical of others - because those others do not meet their standards.
  • Their generally dour demeanor comes from their inner struggle between an imperfect world and a desire for perfection.
  •  Many melancholic wish to learn and to understand, to know the details of every little thing, because to be ignorant is to stray from perfection. They are not content to just accept things the way that they are. 
  • They are inquisitive and ask specific questions in order to come to a clearer understanding.
  • This leads many of them to be over analytical, neurotic worriers.
  • They are very stubborn, because they try very hard to stick to their own carefully considered views and standards of perfection, and are not easily shifted from this path. They do not go with the flow.
  •  They are tenacious and cannot let things go, because 'good enough' is not good enough. They strive for perfection.
  • They are very pessimistic, and assume the worst due to these unrealistic standards.
  • They think and plan before they act; they are not the types who will resort to rash, impulsive behavior, and will panic if they are unable to plan in advance.
  • It's easier for them to reject and hate things than it is for them to love and embrace them. Their interests and tastes are picked carefully, and they give a lot of attention to each one, and hold them close to their hearts, rather than having many fleeting interests that change quickly and often.
  • They complain a lot, in a 'whining' kind of way rather than a 'put down' or 'demanding' kind of way.
  • They tend to argue, because they cannot simply let things be if they seem wrong. They argue using reason, evidence, logic, and explanations, delivered analytically or with pleading. They only argue to set wrongs right, rather than to assert dominance. The argument is about the issue, not about them.
  • They respond poorly to compliments, often 'rebutting' them by saying that they're not so great after all. 
"Wow, that's a really nice painting you just made!"
"I don't know; the eyes are probably too big..." (rather than "Thanks!")
  • They will blame themselves for mistakes, because they are acutely aware of their own imperfection.
  • They tend to prefer things to be tidy, organized in some way or another. This doesn't necessarily mean 'neat' as such; often they have very idiosyncratic organization methods.
  • They are idealists, who imagine perfect fantasies and feel upset when things don't live up to these fantasies.
  • They prefer to tackle the heart of the matter, which can lead to them avoiding 'beating around the bush'.
  • ·         Melancholic are the most introverted of the temperaments in that they crave time alone, and are most at ease in their own company.
  • ·         They can enjoy spending time with others, but this drains their energy, and they need alone time in order to recharge.
  • ·         Much of their introversion comes from their perfectionism. They are picky about the sorts of people that they associate with; people who meet their standards and share their outlook. People that don't will make them uncomfortable; they do not wish to talk to 'anyone and everyone'. 
  • Their self-deprecation also makes them think that they might not be very interesting anyway, that they aren't really worth spending time with, even if they know in the depths of their minds that they are very interesting indeed.
  • ·         Once they have someone to talk to in a quiet and relaxed environment, they can talk a lot and will enjoy sharing thoughts and ideas.
  • ·         They are very wary of making friends. Unlike sanguine, it can take them a very long time for them to consider someone they're familiar with a 'friend', but once they've reached this point, they will likely stick with that person loyally.
  • ·         They prefer having a few close friends to many acquaintances.
  • ·         They can be seen as selfish, because they prefer to be alone with their thoughts, to have their own things, rather than sharing time or possessions socially with others. 
  • They are usually very possessive about the things that they own and are reluctant to let others borrow or use them, because they treat their own things well, care about everything deeply, and will worry that others will not look after them with the same level of care.
  • ·         They could be described as 'intense', rather than 'easy-going'.

  •        Melancholic are very emotional. They are moved deeply by beauty, and by distress. They are very easily hurt, because of their perfectionistic tendencies. 
  •     Often their moods are like delicate glass sculptures; built up slowly, deliberately, and carefully, but easily broken, and hard to repair once shattered.
  •         They respond to things that they dislike with misery and with tears rather than with rage.
  •          They are very slow to 'snap', but will hold onto emotions for a very long time. They hold grudges, because people who have failed to meet their standards, who have hurt them, will not just suddenly meet those standards without changing drastically.
  •          They can become very 'moody', and they can be difficult to interact with because they are so easily hurt.
  •          They are not aggressive, and wish to flee from things that cause them distress.
  •          If they want to get back at another person, they are more likely to make them feel guilty than to insult them bluntly.
  •          They are 'thin-skinned'.
Sisters are phlegmatic most often, especially mine
  1. In our distant ancestors, the melancholic members of a pack may have been the analysts, the information gatherers. They scouted for potential danger, or for food, and reported back to the pack leader. The more accurate their findings were, the better; this led to a trend towards perfectionism, as the 'analysts' closer to perfection survived better than those that made sloppy mistakes.
  2. In current society, they often tend towards analytical roles such as scientists, analysts, programmers, logicians, Engineers and so on. In fantasy settings, they may be wizards or sages.
I guess i fall under these temperament . What about you?



Phlegmatic people are meek, submissive introverts who live to please others.


  •  Phlegmatic do not act as if they are better than others. They are eager to please, and quick to give in to others rather than asserting their own desires as if they're the most important.
  • They take the path of least resistance whenever possible. They so desperately wish for peace, for everyone to get along, and to avoid conflict at all costs.
  • Conflict terrifies them. They do not start it (except perhaps in extreme circumstances), or provoke it, and try to defuse it when it comes up. When forced into an argument, they get very upset and distressed, seeking escape rather than victory.
  •  If confronted, they are likely to admit that they are in the wrong in order to prevent hostilities.
  •  They don't believe that they know best.
  • They have no desire to be a 'winner'; they only wish for peace.
  •  They are well-behaved; rebelling against established rules would feel deeply uncomfortable to them. They're the sort who'd say, worriedly, 'should we really be doing this?' or 'we might get in trouble!'.
  • They really, really do not wish to be a bother to others, and always put others first. This is due to a deep-rooted unease about asserting themselves rather than a lack of confidence, or a conscious desire to be a 'nice person'.
  • They are quick to apologies for any mistakes that they may have made, and will sacrifice their own happiness to ensure that others are happy.
  • They are empathetic, and acutely aware of the feelings of those that they are interacting with, as they do not wish to hurt these feelings.
  • They have tremendous difficulty saying no, and will go along with things that they dislike to make others happy.
  • They are extremely trustworthy; if they make a promise, it's very likely that they will keep it.
  • They're terrified of doing things wrong.
  • They will blame themselves if mistakes are made, even if it was someone else's fault, just to make others feel better and more at ease.
  • They try and word things in a way that is not offensive to others. The will be more supportive than critical.
  •  They'll defer to others to make choices, and will feel upset and pressured if they have to make a decision themselves; this comes from their inability to see themselves in a 'leader' role.
  • They are natural followers, and work best when they are told what to do.
  • Their language is generally full of uncertain phrases such as 'I think', 'maybe', 'perhaps', 'or something'. Compare "maybe you could do X, or something?" to "do X" or "you should do X".
  • Rather than saying or doing the wrong thing, they'll say or do nothing at all.
  •  Obstacles that get in the way of their steady path will cause them to halt and fumble around, not sure what to do. They're more likely to travel around than through it; their path is easily changed by others.

  •  Phlegmatic are introverted, and enjoy time alone. However, they are much 'nicer' and more friendly and social than the melancholic, as they're unburdened by 'perfectionism' and as such do not judge others.
  • They enjoy spending time with friends, and are very loyal to these friends, sticking with them through thick and thin, even through abuse. This is because they put others first, and will not leave another even if THEY want to because the other person may not want them to leave.
  • They are almost immune to anger. They have extremely long fuses, and will only snap after a long period of prolonged and persistent abuse. Even then, they're more likely to retreat within themselves and cry than to try to harm another.
  • They like calm and steady lives, free of surprises. They can be relatively confident in familiar situations - if not necessarily assertive - but panic when placed in new ones. They do not seek thrills, and enjoy predictable, quiet, ritualistic lifestyles.
  •  They are very quiet, and do not share their own inner thoughts readily, as they fear judgement and don't wish to bother others by waffling on about themselves.
  • They are however excellent and attentive listeners, who will quietly and politely take in and absorb the conversations of their friends. They will always pay attention, and will offer supportive feedback rather than criticism or advice. They'd never say things like 'bored now', as if it's the duty of others to entertain them.
  • Since they hate to offend or hurt others, they generally don't ever resort to aggressive insults or attacks. Belittling or hurting another makes them feel bad, not 'powerful and in control' or amused, so they'll worry about having done this accidentally.
  • They could be described as 'nice guys/girls' or, more horribly, 'doormats' by those with different temperaments.
  •  They barely express emotion at all. While the sanguine might whoop and cheer and jump for joy at the slightest provocation, phlegmatic are unlikely to express more than a smile or a frown. Their emotions happen mainly internally.
  • They lack 'passion', as their emotions are mostly internal. They often rely on others ordering them to do things to get motivation.
my mum belongs here
  1. In our distant past, the phlegmatic members of a pack might have been the obedient followers who'd get much of the actual work done at the command of their superiors. They may not stand out, but without them, nothing would work.
  2. They are the cooks, the cleaners, the quiet office drones, the red-shirts, the white mages.

Read up Sanguine and Choleric 


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